Searchable, peer-reviewed, open-access proceedings from bioscience and biomedical conferences
Bioscientifica Proceedings (2020) 17 CPRCPR12 | DOI: 10.1530/biosciprocs.17.0012

CPR2005 Control of Pig Reproduction VII (1) (25 abstracts)

The use of microarrays to define functionally-related genes that are differentially expressed in the cycling pig uterus

J.A. Green , J-G. Kim , K.M. Whitworth & C. Agca and R.S. Prather

University of Missouri-Columbia, Division of Animal Sciences; Columbia, Missouri, USA

In swine and other livestock, the uterine endometrium exhibits dramatic morphological and secretory changes throughout the oestrous cycle and during pregnancy. Such physiological changes are a reflection of extremely complex interactions between gene products (RNA and protein). The recent development of genomics and proteomics methods, as well as associated bioinformatics tools, has provided the means to begin characterising such interactions. Indeed, the analysis of the transcriptome and proteome of cells and tissues now comprises a new field of study known as 'systems biology'. Currently, the most powerful technique available to the systems biologist is the microarray. These platforms represent oligonucleotide or cDNA fragments spotted in a specified high-density pattern on a solid support. Hybridisation of fluorescently-tagged cDNAs from different tissue sources permits the measurement of thousands of RNAs in parallel. The method permits the identification of genes that are present at different amounts between the two tissues and, more importantly, it permits the identification of groups of genes (clusters) that are expressed in comparable patterns. Results from a recent expression profiling experiment are described. The goal of the profiling experiment was to define genes that are differentially expressed in endometrium during the oestrous cycle. The experiment used an in-house cDNA microarray with >14,000 distinct cDNAs cloned from reproductive tissues. Total RNAs from cyclic endometrium (Days 0, 3, 6, 10, 12, 14 and 18 post-oestrus) were reverse transcribed into cDNAs, labelled with fluorescent dye and hybridised to the arrays along with cDNAs derived from a reference RNA pool. A total of 4,827 genes were found to differ significantly at some time during the oestrous cycle. Clustering methods were able to define numerous groups of similarly expressed genes. These data will help to define the complex patterns of endometrial genes acting in concert to create the environments required for fertilisation, embryo growth and conceptus development in swine.

© 2005 Society for Reproduction and Fertility

Article tools

My recent searches

No recent searches.