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Control of Pig Reproduction VI

Control of Pig Reproduction VI

Development of The Follicleand Corpus Luteum

bp0016cpr1 | Development of The Follicleand Corpus Luteum | CPR2001

Nutritional regulators of the hypothalamic–pituitary axis in pigs

Barb C. R. , Kraeling R. R. , Rampacek G. B.

Nutritional signals are detected by the central nervous system (CNS) and translated by the neuroendocrine system into signals that alter secretion of LH and growth hormone (GH). Furthermore, these signals directly affect the activity of the pituitary gland independently of CNS input. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), insulin, leptin and specific metabolites, such as glucose and free fatty acids (FFA)', are potential signals of the metabolic status to the brain-pituit...

bp0016cpr2 | Development of The Follicleand Corpus Luteum | CPR2001

Apoptosis during folliculogenesis in pigs

Guthrie H. D. , Garrett W. M.

The number of female germ cells in pig fetuses decreases by 70% between day 50 after mating and day 300 after birth. Approximately 55% of antral follicles undergo degeneration (atresia) except during the 3 days before oestrus, when only 15% of the follicles survive to ovulate. Apoptosis, a form of programmed cell death, is recognized as the mechanism of germ cell death and follicle atresia at all stages of folliculogenesis. The internucleosomal cleavage of genomic DNA ca...

bp0016cpr3 | Development of The Follicleand Corpus Luteum | CPR2001

Ovarian folliCular growth in sows*

Lucy M. C. , Liu J. , Boyd C. K. , Bracken C. J.

The resumption of ovarian follicular development during lactation and after weaning in sows is a complex process that ultimately determines rebreeding efficiency of sows. Ovarian follicular development before weaning is heterogeneous because multiple patterns of development are observed when individual sows are compared. Sows can have relatively inactive ovaries before weaning with follicles of < 2 mm in diameter. Other sows have nonovulatory follicular waves in which...

bp0016cpr4 | Development of The Follicleand Corpus Luteum | CPR2001

Formation and early development of the corpus luteum in pigs

Murphy B. D. , Gévry N. , Ruiz-Cortés T. , Cote F. , Downey B. R. , Sirois J.

Numerous corpora lutea form from the multiple follicles that ovulate during the oestrous cycle of pigs. Vascular elements invade the follicle from the theca compartment, first centripetally, and subsequently by lateral branching of centripetal veins and arteries. The vessels are the vehicle for dispersion of steroidogenic theca cells throughout the corpus luteum. Mitosis occurs in both the theca and granulosa layers before ovulation, and in luteal cells well into the lut...