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Control of Pig Reproduction IV

Control of Pig Reproduction IV

Reproductive Management

bp0014cpr13 | Reproductive Management | CPR1993

Seasonal effects on fertility in gilts and sows

Love R. J. , Evans G. , Klupie C. ,

The ancestral wild pig is a short day length seasonal breeder. The domestic pig appears to have retained some of this seasonality as evidenced by a reduction in fertility during the summer—autumn period. The most important aspect of this seasonality is a reduction in the number of mated sows that farrow. Many of these sows conceive and embryos develop normally for 20 - 25 days before pregnancy is terminated and the sow returns to oestrus (25 - 35 days after mating). In ot...

bp0014cpr14 | Reproductive Management | CPR1993

Optimizing semen production for artificial insemination in swine

Colenbrander B. , Feitsma H. , Grooten H. J.

Efficient production of high quality semen is of major importance to artificial insemination (Al) organizations. The semen produced should be free of contagious organisms, be of high quality, have good storage properties, fertilizing capacity and be of high genetic value. The best approach to prevent the spreading of microorganisms via semen in the process of Al is to collect semen from boars free from specific diseases, for example pseudorabies virus or leptospirosis. An...

bp0014cpr15 | Reproductive Management | CPR1993

Optimizing management of natural and artificial matings in swine

Flowers W. L. , Esbenshade K. L. ,

A successful mating involves the coordination of many physiological events including insemination, gamete transport and ovulation. As more basic information about these processes becomes available, it is apparent that there are opportunities for manipulating these physiological events and enhancing the reproductive success of natural and artificial matings. The primary intent of this review is to examine the effectiveness of several of these strategies, as determined by t...

bp0014cpr16 | Reproductive Management | CPR1993

Effects of nutrition on pregnant and lactating sows

Einarsson S. , Rojkittikhun T. ,

It has been suggested that the long-term reproduction of the sow is best served by minimizing weight and fat loss in lactation. Such a strategy would require only a minimal restoration of weight in the following pregnancy, which would be beneficial, since the greater feed intake and weight gain in pregnancy, the greater the weight loss in lactation. Feeding ad libitum should be practised during lactation while gestation feed intake must be held low. A relationship between...