Searchable, peer-reviewed, open-access proceedings from bioscience and biomedical conferences

bp0012cpr1 | Endocrinology of Follicular Development | CPR1985

Basic physiology of follicular maturationin the pig

Foxcroft G. R. , Hunter Morag G. ,

Summary. The pig is an excellent animal in which to study the control of folliculogenesis in a polytocous species, and particularly to examine the inter-relationships between follicles from the same animal. Follicle recruitment occurs from the proliferating pool, and various studies suggest that this recruitment occurs between Days 14 and 16 of the oestrous cycle. The growth of follicles selected for ovulation is associated with rapid atresia of smaller f...

bp0009rdr16 | (1) | REDR1986

Short light cycles induce persistent reproductive activity in Ile-de-France rams

Pelletier J. , Almeida G.

Summary. European breeds of rams appear to be responsive to photoperiodic changes even though there are large differences between breeds in the timing and amplitude of endocrine (LH and testosterone) and gametogenetic variations before the sexual season. Light regimens such as 6-month light cycles or alternations of constant short and long days every 12–16 weeks are able to entrain the parameters of sexual activity. In these regimens in which the period ...

bp0009rdr19 | Male Function and Spermatogenesis | REDR1986

Use of chimaeras to study development

Anderson G. B.

Abstract unavailable© 1987 Journals of Reproduction & Fertility Ltd...

bp0015cpr4 | Regulation of Reproductive Function | CPR1997

Mechanisms mediating nutritional effects on embryonic survival in pigs

Foxcroft G. R. , ,

The inconsistency of data from experiments designed to show nutritional effects on embryonic survival is perplexing. However, a number of experimental models have provided some insight into the mechanisms that potentially mediate interactions between nutrition, metabolic state and embryonic survival. The developing ovarian follicle provides the maturational environment for the oocyte, and differences in follicular maturation are associated with differences in the ability ...

bp0019cpr2 | Gametes and Embryos | CPR2013

Mechanisms affecting litter sex ratio and embryo quality

Oliver G. , Vendramini P.

Sex ratios that deviate from 1:1 have been observed in response to a number of stimuli. In this review we will discuss sex ratio biasing, and the evolutionary and molecular mechanisms thought to underlie this phenomena in mammals. The role of embryo quality will be discussed in relation to sex ratio modulation and epigenetic programing of the embryo. Sex ratio skewing has been studied in many species and several factors have been proposed as influencing secondary sex rat...

bp0008rdr21 | Oocyte and Follicle | REDR2014

Theca cells and the regulation of ovarian androgen production

Knight Phil G , Glister Claire

Summary. Theca cells are essential for female reproduction being the source of androgens that are precursors for follicular oestrogen synthesis and also signal through androgen receptors (AR) in the ovary and elsewhere. Theca cells arise from mesenchymal cells around the secondary follicle stage. Their recruitment, proliferation and cytodifferentiation are influenced, directly or indirectly, by paracrine signals from granulosa cells and oocyte although uncerta...

bp0009rdr20 | Male Function and Spermatogenesis | REDR1986

Detection of early pregnancy in domestic ruminants

Sasser R. G. , Ruder C. A.

Summary. Tests for the detection of pregnancy early after insemination have not yet reached their full potential. Currently, the milk progesterone assay provides the earliest possible test, at an interval of one oestrous cycle after insemination, i.e. 17, 21 and 21 days in sheep, goats and cows respectively. This assay is pregnancy non-specific and rate of detection of pregnant animals is acceptable but less than desirable.Detection of a...

bp0013cpr4 | The Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Ovarian Axis | CPR1989

Endocrinology of the lactating and weaned sow

Varley M. A. , Foxcroft G. R. ,

Keywords: lactation; weaning; sow; endocrinology; suckling© 1990 Journals of Reproduction & Fertility Ltd...

bp0013cpr12 | Ovarian Function | CPR1989

Evidence for and implications of follicular heterogeneity in pigs

Hunter M. G. , Wiesakt T. ,

Summary. Follicular heterogeneity has been demonstrated in both naturally cyclic and PMSG-stimulated immature gilts in that follicles in the selected ovulatory population differ in size by up to 2 mm and show marked variability in steroid content and gonadotrophin binding ability. This biochemical and morphological asynchrony continued into the immediate preovulatory phase and changes in response to the LH surge did not always occur simultaneously even in...

bp0003rdr2 | Maternal-Embryo Interactions | REDR1994

Maternal recognition of pregnancy

Thatcher WW , Meyer MD , Danet-Desnoyers G

Enhanced secretion of PGF2α from endometrial explants in vitro in response to oxytocin is associated with augmented activities of phospholipase A2, phospholipase C and prostaglandin endoperoxide H synthase (PGS). In early pregnancy, maintenance of the corpus luteum is associated with an absence of pulsatile PGF2α secretion; an increase in endometrial inhibitors of phospholipase A2 and PGS contribute to the antilute...